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As we saw in the introduction on the DNA home page, the Hawgood family comes from the wide grouping of Haplotype I1, and can be narrowed down to subgroup M-253 approximately 8,000 years ago. Within subgroups, there are further subgroups, and certain markers allow us to further narrow down Hawgood DNA to a specific subset of M-253. The values of DYS607=13, DYS460=11, which Hawgoods have, in particular denote the following type of Haplogroup I1-AngloSaxon-1313 or I-M253-AS1313 which is now known as S2268 in the new nomenclature.
There is a very useful utility at http://members.bex.net/jtcullen515/haplotest.htm which predicts the subtype, or subclade, which shows Hawgood DNA at least 98% probability of being AS1313 (S2268). S2268 formed around 2,100 years ago, and so assuming this time frame is correct, everyone from this Haplotype is from the same male descendant. In between M253 and S2268 are a number of steps and the full path from M253 of around 8,000 years ago, to S2268 is as follows :
M253 - DF29 - Z58 - Z138 - S2293 - Z2541 - S2268
There is also another Halplotype calculator at http://www.nevgen.org/, and the predicted Haplotype gives the same result although only goes to Z2541
Of course there will be further sub-Hapoltypes since S2268. We can see from Hawgood DNA that there have been some specific mutations that differ from S2268, as follows :
Hawgood DNA S2268/AS1313
DYS 19 15 14
DYS 389i&ii 13,30 12,29
DYS 449 29 28
DYS446 12 13
All the above mutations occurred prior to 1500. At this stage we do not know when this happened, but it is likely to be back to 1000AD or earlier.
Further, some values are themselves quite uncommon. The value at DYS 607 is found only in 7% of the ‘I’ type population, DYS389ii at 3%, and DYS 446 at 6%. The values at GATAA4 and GATAH4 are found in only around 11-12% of the population. Finding matches that are close in other surnames would therefore be quite significant.